The effect of β-cyclodextrin on tenoxicam photostability, studied by a new liquid chromatography method; the dependence on drug dimerisation
Benaki, Dimitra C.
Michaleas, Sotiris G.
Antoniadou -Vyza, Ekaterini A.
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Tenoxicam (TXM) is an effective anti-inflammatory and analgesic drug, which presents fast photochemical decomposition. In this work in an attempt to investigate the potential β-CD photostabilizing effect on TXM, the photodegradation rate of β-CD complexed drug was monitored under simulated solar irradiation from Xenon arc lamp. The photodegradation was studied at pH 7.5. A new stability indicating Liquid Chromatography method, for TXM in the presence of β-CD was used. According to the obtained results, in the case of free molecules increasing the concentration the photostability is enhanced. The effect of complexation with CDs on the photodegradation rate seems to vary depending on TXM initial concentration. At low TXM concentrations photodecomposition is retarded upon CD complexation, while at high concentrations the process is accelerated. Molecular dimerisation was studied by 1H(1D) NMR and 2D NOESY experiments. 2D ROESY spectra of complexed molecule were evaluated in order to confirm the complexation. TXM dimers could be considered as a critical parameter affecting oxicams photostability, in combination with the already described ESIPT phenomenon.