Role of adrenoceptor-linked signaling pathways in the regulation of CYP1A1 gene expression
Johnson, Elizabeth O.
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Alpha2-adrenoceptor agents as well as stress affect the activity of several hepatic monoxygenases including those related to CYP1A enzymes. This study was therefore designed to assess the role of central and/or peripheral catecholamines and, in particular, of adrenoceptors in the regulation of B(α)P-induced cytochrome CYP1A1 expression. In order to discriminate the role of central from that of peripheral catecholamines in the regulation of CYP1A1 induction, the effect of central and peripheral catecholamine depletion using reserpine versus only peripheral catecholamine depletion using guanethidine was assessed. By using selected agonists and antagonists, the role of alpha and beta-adrenoceptors in the regulation of CYP1A1 induction was evaluated. The results showed that the central catecholaminergic system has a negative regulatory effect on 7-ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (EROD) inducibility by benzo(α)pyrene (B(α)P), and that this may be mediated via α;-, α2- and β-adrenoceptors. Specifically, stimulation of α2-adrenoceptors with dexmedetomidine and blockade of α1- or β-adrenoceptors with prazosin or propranolol respectively, resulted in a further increase of EROD inducibility. Adrenoceptors were found to be involved in the regulation of the CYP1A1 gene at mRNA level. Both, reduced noradrenaline release in central nervous system induced with dexmedetomidine and central catecholamine depletion, as well as blockade of central α-adrenoceptors induced with prazosin, all were associated with up-regulation of CYP1A1 expression. In contrast, stimulation of central beta-adrenoceptors with isoprenaline resulted in a downregulation of CYP1A1 expression. Our observations indicate that drugs, which stimulate or block adrenoceptors and catecholamine release may lead to complications in drug therapy and modulate the toxicity or carcinogenicity of drugs that are substrates for the CYP1A1.