Constraints on the nuclear emission of the Circinus galaxy: The torus
Alexander, David M.
James H. Hough, James
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In the context of the unified model of Seyfert galaxies, we use observations from the literature and a radiative transfer model to investigate the near-IR to mm emission produced by the presumed torus in the Circinus galaxy, from 2 μm to 1.3 mm. From the infrared SED modelling, we find that the total luminosity (LIR) in this wavelength range consists of similar contributions from the torus and starburst with a ratio of nuclear luminosity to starburst luminosity (LNUC/LSB) ∼ 0.8. By using a similar torus model to that of NGC 1068, but without the conical dust, we find an upper limit to the outer torus radius of ∼12 pc with a best fit of ∼2pc. The upper limit torus size estimated from the radiative transfer modelling is consistent with the 16-pc torus radius estimated from near-IR imaging polarimetry of Circinus.