Cyprus Airports Energy Efficiency & Culture
MetadataShow full item record
Energy, in its various forms, is essential in operating the airports. It powers the systems and it lands and takes off aircrafts. It is the heart of communication and in effect, the heart of all airport operations. Lose it and you are at a standstill. It does have however its downturns, it contributes to the global climate change through the significant amounts of CO² it produces and emits, as a result of electricity consumption and fuel burnt. An evaluation of the EnMS system is carried out to indicate that Managing energy efficiently is the key factor in controlling emissions. Local and international legislation as well as cost elements are the driving force of the energy efficiency agenda. In this thesis I will explain how you can achieve that through government regulations ISO 50001:2011 and culture campaigns. As a result of the work presented in this thesis, the airports have achieved a very important savings in energy in excess of 24% over the last years. From 44.55 GWh down to 33.93Gwh for the Cyprus Airports. A further 9-10% reduction in energy is expected next year. Also on future project a solar park will be developed in Larnaca and Pafos terminal covering a footprint of 45000m2 with 11270 panels which will generate power of 24% of total need of 3.5MW, and for Pafos terminal covering a footprint of 20000m2 with 4000 panels which will generate power of 30% of total need of 1.1MW. Upon the EM we determined to open this initiative to all International Airports community. As a result, a cross departmental Energy Committee was set up. The committee is part of the Company’s overall environmental commitment. It provides an inclusive forum for management, staff and eventually the entire airport community to participate in identifying, exploring, and pursing further energy saving opportunities. The method that was used for the first part of this survey was the Workplace site observation data collection, that examine the methods and the best practises they have used, find what they have achieved and analyse through data collection. Through Workplace site observation data collection, I have studied the Cyprus Airports profile and their Scope, the Terms and definitions of Energy management system requirements and Management responsibility. As a result of WSODC an energy policy was formed and distributed to the airport community. Energy planning, Energy review, Legal and other requirements were also under the microscope of this research. By monitoring the Energy performance indicators through BMS system we have set the energy targets, the energy management, the future action plans and we have Implement and operate awareness trainings for save energy culture. Communication, Documentation and control of documents, Operational control, Design, Procurement of energy services, products, equipment and energy, Checking, Monitoring, measurement and analysis, Evaluation of compliance with legal requirements and other requirements are part of this thesis. Internal audit of the EnMS, Nonconformities, correction, corrective action, preventive action, Control of records, Responsibility, Interactions Chart/diagram, Organisation Chart, and their objectives are described in detail in the following pages. In order to create culture, in an Energy Management scheme, a campaign was developed and implemented which helped tenants and staff to reduce the cost of doing business through energy efficiency. Cyprus Airports as a large energy user it has been one of the sectors of focus. Several installations have shown substantial energy savings as described. Most of these efficiency projects, however, have focused primarily on physical upgrades and technologies. Further, most projects have focused on administrative and operational areas of energy use. The second part of this thesis evaluates the energy related behaviours of residents’ staff and tenants in Cyprus Airports which did not received formal attention at that time. In the implemented behaviour save energy culture campaign, a typical goal was set up, to get staff and tenants to modify their habits so that energy use is reduced .The target amount of reduction is based on a variety of factors, including Airport energy goals and behaviour, based on energy reductions achieved in other areas of the Airport. Another goal was to reduce energy costs over a certain time. However, that reduced costs, though desirable, may not necessarily mean reduced energy use. Reduced costs could reflect reduced of electricity rates even when the same, or more, energy is expended. Thus, was one of the campaign’s goals that must be actual reductions in energy use, not simply lower expenses to the Airport. Getting people to change their behaviours is challenging and usually requires time to make the behaviour a habit. With the implemented campaign and survey, we have talented people to change their behaviour and to modify their habits according to save energy save culture and inherit that culture not only in Airports but also in their personal lives. For the purpose of this thesis, a quantitative method was used, and primary data collected through selfadministered questionnaire contained 10 questions that examines the behaviour and the culture of the community regarding the save energy practises. The survey was distributed electronically and created online using Microsoft office 365 – Forms app. The survey prepared was completed by 40 respondents, out of 209 questionnaires that have been distributed and 40 completed surveys have been collected and analysed through SPSS.