Splenic vein-inferior mesenteric vein anastomosis to lessen left-sided portal hypertension after pancreaticoduodenectomy with concomitant vascular resection
Fuchshuber, Pascal R.
Addeo, Pietro F.
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Hypothesis: A splenic vein (SV)-inferior mesenteric vein (IMV) anastomosis reduces congestion of the stomach and spleen after pancreaticoduodenectomy with resection of the SV-mesenteric vein confluence but carries a risk of left-sided venous hypertension. Design: Comparative retrospective study. Setting: Department of Digestive Surgery and Transplantation, University of Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France. Patients: FromJanuary 1, 2002, to February 28, 2010, 39 patients underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy with resection of the SV-mesenteric vein confluence for pancreatic adenocarcinoma. All patients had a terminoterminal portalvein- superiormesentericveinanastomosis.TheSVblood flow into the portal vein was preserved in 11 patients by reimplantation of theSVinto the portal vein. Sixteen patients underwent surgical reconstruction of the SV-IMV confluence by anastomosis (group 1), and in 12 patients the natural SV-IMV confluence was preserved (group 2). Main Outcome Measures: Preoperative and postoperative spleen volume and platelet count. Results: Demographic characteristics, preoperative tumor staging, pathological outcome, and postoperative complications were comparable in both groups. There was no difference in platelet count between groups 1 and 2 preoperatively (mean [SD], 293.13 [125.37] vs 241.09 [49.12]×10 3/μL [to convert to ×10 9/L, multiply by 1.0], respectively; P=.21) or postoperatively (mean [SD], 231.75 [156.39] vs 164.31 [76.46]×10 3/μL, respectively; P=.32). Likewise, no difference was found in the spleen volume preoperatively (mean [SD], 258.96 [179.23] vs 237.31 [122.46] mL, respectively; P=.76) and on postoperative day 15 (mean [SD], 279.08 [158.10] vs 299.12 [153.11] mL, respectively; P=.78). Conclusion: Early assessment shows that SV-IMV anastomosis is as feasible and as safe as the preservation of a natural SV-IMV confluence in patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy with vascular resection for pancreatic head adenocarcinoma.