Reviewing myocardial silent ischemia: Specific patient subgroups
Ekmektzoglou, Konstantinos A.
Papadimitriou, Lila J.
MetadataShow full item record
Silent myocardial ischemia (SMI) is a relatively common, yet poorly understood, clinical entity. The most accurate means of detecting SMI and the precise treatment endpoints remain unclear. However, the presence of SMI correlates with the likelihood of future adverse cardiac events. Evidence suggests that patients at high risk of severe cardiac ischemia, even with the absence of symptoms, derive the greatest benefit from an aggressive diagnostic and therapeutic approach. This paper is giving a detailed review of SMI in regards to specific patient subgroups, i.e. populations with diabetes mellitus, hypertension, elderly patients, post-revascularization patients, women, the suggested screening procedures for each subgroup, as well as the emersion of new markers for the selection of high-risk patients for screening.