Casual discovery of a thoracic tumour showing histological features of undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma in a male wistar laboratory rat
Lavranos, Giagkos M.
Karandrea, Despoina N.
Goutas, Nikolaos D.
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Sarcomas are neoplasms of mesenchymal origin, with a predominant cell population mimicking the organization of various soft tissues and/or bones. Previous categorizations also included the possibility of the presence of tissue macrophage-like (histiocytes) neoplasm cells, in a tumour described as malignant fibrous histiocytoma, but this group has been considered as a variety of undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcomas. Although this kind of malignancy is not rare in humans, only few cases have been reported in laboratory animals. We report an unusual single case of spontaneous tumour growth, detected by casual observation, in the left thoracic area of an 18-month-old male laboratory Wistar rat. Both this individual and his ancestors were not exposed to any known carcinogenic substance or radiation, thus suggesting the development of the neoplasm as a spontaneous event. The mass was extracted surgically under general anaesthesia, and slices were examined histologically and immunohistochemically, using photon microscopy. The pathologist reported the presence of a combination of fibroblasts and undifferentiated mesenchymal cells arranged in a storiform pattern. Immunohistochemistry was performed on the tissue using specific antibodies for several proliferation (Ki-67) and differentiation (S-100, CD-34, CD-68, pan-keratin, desmin and smooth muscle actin-SMA) markers. Positive reaction was observed for S-100, Ki-67, CD-68, desmin and SMA (limited) but not for CD-34 or cytokeratin.