The Barriers Approach to Innovation
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The nature of barriers is first clarified and their effect on innovation is broadly outlined. The various taxonomies of barriers are presented and critically evaluated. Their impact and mechanisms of action are then developed. The pattern of barriers in different contexts is considered and various aspects of a theoretical explanation of barriers are discussed. Since barriers are especially important in small firm innovation and in difficult environments, e.g. in small countries, these special cases are studied in some depth. Finally, the empirical studies on barriers are reviewed. The chapter ends with suggestions to overcome barriers and a conclusions section.