NATO and the Aegean disputes
MetadataShow full item record
The Geneva Convention of 1958 is based on the UN Law of Sea conference of 1958, which provided that all states have the right to extend their territorial waters to 12nm. Greece agreed with the convention and ratified it in 1972, while on the one hand, Turkey was not a signatory. As such, the Aegean Sea consists of three sections, with Greece having 35% of the waters, Turkey 9%, and the remaining 56% are international waters. The dispute over these territorial waters simply occurred because there was no agreed settlement between the two states, even though the Geneva Convention should have restrained Turkey because the relevant Sea Law became binding for all states and its regulations became part of customary law. The issue of territorial waters was controversial and of importance to Turkey. In fact, due to many issues, like bordering with its rival nations Soviet Union and Syria, Turkey used these issues to oppose the application of the Geneva Convention with respect to her disputes with Greece.